The options and solutions

Utilising the available space alongside the motorways for a light rapid transit, permits LARTs to connect with existing railway stations, airports, bus networks, in the Counties around London. The grade-separated LARTs system can be constructed alongside the motorways and will accommodate light rail technology to provide a high frequency service at moderate speeds of 120 kilometres per hour (78 mph).

For London and the whole of the UK  this strategy applies tried and tested methods used in other cities around the world. LARTs matches the needs of London's geography, demography, transport networks, planning constraints, and environmental requirements while matching latent demands that exist within existing proposals for roads, rail and air. Viability, reliability, sustainability, connectivity, capacity, contingency are all answered by LARTs to bring benefit to stakeholders and customers, the economy and the environment, infrastructure both old and new. In short, LARTs delivers benefits for London, the surrounding Counties and the regions beyond.

Counties around London that benefit from LARTs.

Surrey -LARTs links the central areas of the Surrey with airports, railways, business parks, bus networks, and while reducing road traffic congestion.  PARK-n-LARTs will provide off-airport parking for Heathrow and Gatwick, and park-and-ride facilities for Staines Railway Station and Staines-upon-Thames centre.

Brooklands Business Park and Byfleet New Haw Staion can become one hub for multi-modal transport that serves buses, cars, pedestrians, cyclists, trains and light rapid transit.

South Rail Access for Heathrow can be better resolved with LARTs instead of the significant blight and disturbance of a heavy rail option, considered by Network Rail to replace the Airtrack proposal. The liabilities with LARTs are less disruptive and less costly while a strategy, shuttling between Staines and Heathrow terminals, that provides greater frequency than heavy rail 24/7 automated service. LARTs will enable each-and-every train at Staines to be considered a Heathrow train with peak time frequency of 8 times per hour. Reduction of liabilities includes reduced blight for Staines Moor and Stanwell Moor. Level crossings at Egham and Feltham will not experience extra train traffic, with LARTs adding airport connectivity for existing South West Trains. The Vicarage Road Underpass and the grade separated track at Woking Station can be deferred with LARTs providing Heathrow links at Staines Station and Byfleet New Haw as the option for the South Rail Access.

Brooklands Business Park and the town centre in Staines-upon-Thames can improve their commerce with direct links to Heathrow and Gatwick via LARTs. 

PARK-n-LARTs can be established at traffic pinch points such as Junctions 9, 11, 13 of the M25 Those junctions have no associated railway stations but they do suffer chronic congestion which can be relieved with LARTs linking people usefully to the Stations on the South West Mainline, Great West Mainline and Southern Mainline along the M25. 

Brooklands Business Park also enables a PARK-n-LARTs to serve road traffic intent between Heathrow, Gatwick, or Luton and the residents of Weybridge, Addelstone, and Byfleet. Upgrades to the Byfleet New Haw station centred around road underpass can be economically justified with LARTs improving the viability of the Ward of Addelstone around Brooklands. 

Hertfordshire - East-west rail links are a primary aspiration within future transport strategy for the County. Whilst LARTs only adds east-west connections along the M25 corridor, that will in fact add future connectivity for  Waltham Cross and Crossrail 2.

Waltham Cross becomes a multi-modal terminus with LARTs for the benefit of new residential planning and connectivity for commerce.

Hemel Hempstead gains links to Heathrow, Luton, and Gatwick by adopting PARK-n-LARTs at Junction 8 Business Park. These links are uniquely better than any other railway links to the airports, whilst avoiding the road traffic congestion commonly associated with that sector of the M1.

Luton Airport Junction10a of M1 provides PARK-n-LARTs opportunities for the new business park as well as Luton Airport at the top of the hill. Light Rapid Transit can negotiate the steep 6% gradient leading to the airport. The link will cross over Luton Parkway Station and permit more airport users to access the airport with less road congestion, with reliable parking at 10a at the bottom of the hill or the Parkway station. 

Demand for a LARTs link between Hemel Hempsted and Luton Airport would need to exceed 18,000 passengers per day to meet operating costs. That would normally be an over-optimistic of 30% figure if it weren't for the fact that traffic jams will continue to occur at peak times because Luton Airport is on a hill. Business Park residents at Junction 10a will benefit from air cargo links with Heathrow while Luton Airport gains links with Heathrow that are luggage and passenger friendly with the most reliable means possible. 

Hertfordshire County Planning department must eventually accommodate London's expansion toward Watford. The LARTs adds public transport that links with buses and curtails car journeys, which will be particularly useful in southern Hertfordshire.

Kent - Airport passengers in Kent typically drive to both Heathrow and Gatwick because rail links are so poor. LARTs puts forward a proposal to link Dunton Green Station, near Sevenoaks, with Heathrow in 45 minutes and Gatwick in 25 minutes, for the sake of all Kent. 

Sussex- Oxted Station in Surrey but on the Uckfield to London line, creates opportunity for LARTs  to link with the Southern Railway serving East Sussex. Ridership and viability can be increased to mutual benefit if the campaign to re-open the stretch of track between Uckfield and Lewes is considered. The result could provide links between Lewes and Heathrow Airport via, LARTs at Oxted, with an 85 minute journey time. The 8 mile extension from Uckfield to Lewes would also create an important alternative between Brighton, Lewes, and London. LARTs would therefore free up capacity on the Brighton Mainline by serving Gatwick airport and Oxted Railway Station. 

Buckinghamshire - Kings Langley railway station and adjacent Business Park serve a wide catchment area. This provides a viable setting for a PARK-n-LARTs hub that would be accepted by local commerce and residents, alike. Links to Heathrow and Luton would be the first consideration, while the useful links for LARTs onto the West Coast Mainline would deliver journey times between Heathrow and Birmingham that rival any other train service including HS2 with the same number of interchanges. Admittedly, a stopping service at Kings Langley would be needed to rival those railway times, but with HS2 providing the through trains and Buckinghamshire residents demanding stopping services on the West Coast Mainline this creates potential for Kings Langley Business Park to become internationally connected while developing a multi-modal PARK-n-LARTs hub on the same site.

Berkshire -  Western Rail Access Heathrow will combine commuters and airport  passengers travelling on the Great West Mainline through Slough. For airline passengers with luggage travelling between Windsor and Heathrow, the better route becomes Windsor - Staines - Heathrow via LARTs at Staines. 

LARTs serves the Regions -  linking together the radiating railways from London, LARTs links existing railway stations that are primarily near the M25. There are at least nine existing railway stations that can be accessed, and  the Orbital links provide by LARTs facilitate quicker transfers between mainline railways, than going through London. The Timetabling produced for LARTs travelling round London demonstrates how some journeys are even quicker than Crossrail through the centre. This benefits to regional railway passengers and airport passengers are even more evident because more of them are likely travelling with luggage. Matching the timetable transfers between LARTs  and mainline railways at stations such as Potters Bar, Kings Langley, Iver or Heathrow can create regional connections that avoid central London with benefits for the TfL network and passengers alike.

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